3.3.3. Road attribute rules

Roads on Yandex Map Editor are composite linear items that are not drawn on the map, but rather compiled from one or more sections of road (each of which is drawn individually and assigned separate attributes). For more information, see section 3.3.2. Rules for adding attributes to sections of road).

Roads are created as individual items when you fill in the Street attribute panel for the road section (for more information, see section 3.3.2.2. Street). After you create the road, its name will appear as a link in the attribute panel for that road section.

If the road section belongs to several streets simultaneously, then several links will appear:

The road's attribute panel will open when you click on the link. Click  (Edit) to switch the panel to editing mode:

Use the panel to add attributes to the road.

Techniques for adding attributes to road sections are similar to the techniques for adding attributes to all items on YME.

Note.

When you name a road drawn using two lines, the name applies to both lines.

The attributes for Road items are listed below, as well as the rules for entering values for each of them:

3.3.3.1. Location

The Location attribute determines which administrative division a road is linked to:

As you start entering the names of administrative divisions into the field, you will see suggestions appear in the list. This list includes names of administrative divisions that contain those characters and were already drawn on the map:

When you enter the location:

3.3.3.1.1

International motorways split into sections at borders and each section belongs exclusively to the country that it runs through.

Each piece of road connects to its corresponding first-level (“Country”) administrative district.

3.3.3.1.2

National highways are linked to first-level (“Country”) administrative districts (in Russia these are called highways of federal significance and include roads leading to cities).

3.3.3.1.3

Roads of regional significance and inter-municipal roads are linked to second-level (“Region”) administrative districts rather than to districts or settlements (even if the road is entirely contained within the latter).

3.3.3.1.4

Streets are linked to localities.

Note.

If two streets in the same locality have the same name, like them to the districts or blocks where they are located (according to official sources).

If you can't find information about a street's location in official sources, then link the street to the district or block that it is generally considered to belong to.

Streets linked to a locality should be located entirely within the borders of that locality.

3.3.3.1.5

Ski trails, car-racing tracks, go-cart tracks, motorcycle racing tracks, running tracks, etc. are linked to administrative districts of the “Block” type. To link a named sports track, you should create a separate administrative division of the Block type for the territory of the sports complex.

3.3.3.2. Type of road

Select the road type from the list in the Type field:

Rules for selecting a type are listed below.

3.3.3.2.1. Street in locality

All streets in localities that have the same official name (including names of transit roads or roads outside the borders of the locality):

Ski trails and major car-racing tracks belong to this type (see point 3.3.2.1.7), running and skiing tracks at stadiums and sports complexes, ski trails within developed areas of localities (see point 3.3.2.1.10).

Note.

Names are considered official if:

  1. They can be confirmed using official sources (for example, FIAS, the Rosreestr, or official street-naming orders in Russian laws and regulations).

  2. They can be confirmed by local laws and regulations or maps (for SNT, KP, parks, cemeteries, etc.).

3.3.3.2.2. Numbered highways

International highways

Official names of transcontinental routes are written out completely (with European/Asian capitalized because that is part of the proper name).

For example, the official name ─ European route Е95, Asian route AH6, Asian Highway 6, etc. name for caption ─ E95, AH6:

Attention.

Do not map numbered highways that are located completely within the territory of a locality.

See also point 3.3.3.3.1.

3.3.3.2.3. Road infrastructure

Roads named after other structures they are related to: bridges, overpasses, tunnels (but not squares):

These items are named both as  “road” items and as “road structure” items (see also point 3.8.1.2.2).

Squares are exclusively labeled as road infrastructure items.

3.3.3.2.4. Arterial road

Roads within the borders of a given locality, transit roads like the Zapadny Skorostnoi Diametr in St. Petersburg, or roads that unite several streets. The last ones on some sections have official street names in addition to a single arterial road name. For example, the Third transport ring (TTK) in Moscow, which includes Begovaya St., Sushchyovsky Val and others, falls into this category, as does Sadovaya koltso (Garden ring), whose sections have names like Bolshaya Sadovaya St., Sadovaya-Karetnaya St., etc.

3.3.3.2.5. Named highway

Roads (usually named highways) that pass through several localities. For example, Mozhayskoye, Borovskoye or Rublyovo-Uspenskoe Highway, etc.

For highways that are partly or whole tollways, you should create an additional Road item of that type (see section 3.3.2.12. Toll (paid road sign)).

3.3.3.2.6. Kilometer number

Roads whose name refers to a a given kilometer marking of a named road (for example, MKAD or Novorizhskoe highway):

Note.

The kilometer number on the highway sign/post indicates that that kilometer ends there.

3.3.3.2.6.1

Sections of road that belong to ring roads and are marked by kilometer number can belong to one of three ring-road item types where the kilometer marking runs parallel on the external and internal sides of the ring (MKAD). If the kilometer markings don't run parallel, then there are two item types for these road sections (Ring road (KAD), ring road is also designated as highway A-118):

  1. Ring roads in their entirety. For example, the MKAD.

  2. A piece of the whole road that corresponds to the kilometer in question, including both road lines. For example, Novocherkasskoe Highway, 1054-th km.

    Attention.

    Generally, address points are linked to this item.

  3. Two sections of road that correspond to the kilometer in question including one line of the road (along the internal and external sides).

    The names of these roads distinguish between the internal and external side of the ring (using the labels external / internal side or external / internal ring).

    For example, MKAD, 40th kilometer, external side and MKAD, 40th kilometer, internal side.

    Enter the names using this format:

    • Official name: MKAD, 40th kilometer, internal side

    • Caption on the map: MKAD, 40th kilometer.

3.3.3.2.7. Named exit

Exits from the main road that have their own names or numbers. For example, numbered exits from the MKAD (Exit 24 — exit from Kashirskoye highway):

Attention.

When you set the attribute value, you must make sure that the values you enter do not contradict each other (see 3.3.2.1. Class and 3.3.2.7. Design features section of road.

So, for example, a “Numbered highway” can not include sections of “Pedestrian and bike paths” or a “Roundabout” design feature.

3.3.3.3. Name of road

Enter the name of a road in the Street field of the attribute panel for that road section (this is partially shown in the drawing):

As you start entering the name of the road into the field, suggestions start to appear in the list automatically. This list includes names of roads that contain those characters and were already drawn on the map:

If there are no roads on the map, you must fill in this field manually: enter a name for the new road and it will be created.

After the item is saved, its name will appear as a link in the attribute panel:

The road's attribute panel will open when you click on the link.

Click (Edit) to switch the panel to editing mode:

The techniques for entering road names are similar to the techniques for entering names for all items on YME.

3.3.3.3.1. Rules for naming roads

When you enter road names, follow the rules of grammar for the language you are using.

3.3.3.3.1.1

For roads that have the “# kilometer” type, you must enter a name “for the caption” (in addition to the official name).

If that road is part of a “Numbered highway” or “Arterial road”, then the caption name for that element uses the “caption name” of the mother road (if this road is not indicated, then use the official name).

Note.

If the name of this type of road contains a kilometer number (written as a digit), then put the corresponding ordinal ending after the number.

For example:
  • If the official name of a road is М-7 Volga, 817th km, the caption name will be М-7.
  • If the official name of a road is MKAD, 73rd km, the caption name will be MKAD (the official name is the Moscow ring road, so you don't need to enter the caption name for it).
3.3.3.3.1.2

Don't enter names for exits / connecting sections of road at interchanges and circular road sections if they don't have proper names (as is the case with the exits from the MKAD or Paunochnae circle near Brest). Not all such sections display in the drawing:

3.3.3.3.1.3

If an exit has a name, enter it as the name of the road (for example, MKAD, exit 24:

3.3.3.3.1.4

If a frontage road that runs along a major city street does not have its own unique name, assign it the same name as the main street and add the frontage road in parentheses. If a frontage road has its own name, then add “frontage road” in parentheses to the road name (for example, Sibirsky Trakt (frontage road):

3.3.3.3.1.5
The “Previously called” field is only used in cases where the name of a road changed in the past two years.
If the name changed more than two years ago, enter it in the “Also known as, historical” field.
3.3.3.3.1.6
The naming rules are the same for all roads, including those under construction.
3.3.3.3.2

If a road has a very long name, then enter it as the “Official” name and enter the shortened version for the “Caption” (without leaving out any of the main identifying parts of the name).

For example, for Hero of the Soviet Union V. N. Fokin St., enter these names:

  • Official name: Hero of the Soviet Union V. N. Fokin St.
  • Name for caption on map: Fokin St.
3.3.3.3.3. Naming highways

Follow these rules when naming highways (roads with the Numbered highway or Named highway type):

3.3.3.3.3.1. Highways with a number and proper name
For Russian highways, the number and name are written using hyphens.

For example: M-1 Belarus (not M1 Belarus). These roads are called Numbered highways.

Enter their names using this format:

  • Official name — number and proper name, for example М-7 Volga.

    For roads that belong to European or Asian networks (for example, Е95 or АН6), enter two official names (in Russian and English).

    You can enter an English name for a Russian highway (for example, М-10 Russia), but this is not mandatory.

  • Name for caption — the number without the proper name (used in the stripe on the map), for example М-7.

  • Also known as, historical names — description of the route that corresponds to official documentation (see point 3.3.3.3.3.5), for example point A - point B.

    When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side.
3.3.3.3.3.2. Highways with a number and no proper name
Highways with a number and no proper name (typically regional highways, for example 17N-515). These roads are called Numbered highways.
Attention.

Do not map numbered highways that are located completely within the territory of a locality.

3.3.3.3.3.2.1

Numbers of regional roads in Russia should be entered in the format 17N-515, where:

  • 17 — the region code in the OKATO database (the Russian classification system for administrative divisions)
  • The letters N, K, R and A are road values
  • 515 — the ordinal number for that region.
3.3.3.3.3.2.2

Enter their names using this format:

  • Official name — number, for example 17N-515.
  • Don't enter a name for the caption.
  • Also known as, historical names — description of the route in correspondence with official documentation (see point 3.3.3.3.3.5), for example point A - point B.

    When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side.

3.3.3.3.3.3. Branches extending from federal highways
Branches extending from federal highways are marked as items separate from the main course of the road. These roads are called Numbered highways.

Enter their names using this format:

  • Official name — highway number and description of the branch's route, for example: М-5, to Saransk.
  • Name for caption — highway number. For example: М-5.
3.3.3.3.3.4. Highways without a number, but with a proper name
Highways with a proper name but no number — roads that don't overlap with other roads mentioned in official documents and have their own unique, commonly-used names. For example, Mozhayskoye Highway or Chuisky Trakt. These roads are called Named highways.

Enter their names using this format:

  • Official name — unique proper name, for example Mozhayskoye Highway.
  • Don't enter a name for the caption.

This type also includes winter roads and ice crossings. Enter their names as beginning and ending points that link them or the name of the point that the winter road leads to. Also indicate that the road is a winter road or ice crossing. For example:

  • Official name — winter road in Laryak Village, the Ponga-Onega ice crossing.

  • Don't enter a name for the caption.

3.3.3.3.3.5. Description of the route in accordance with official documents.

In Russia, the official documents that describe the route include the list of roads of federal significance and the lists of regional roads (by federal subject). In other countries there are analogous documents.

When you use route descriptions:

3.3.3.3.3.5.1

Don't create separate items for sections of an extended named or numbered motorway that corresponds to a public transport route.

For example, if the official description of a route is Petrovo - Ivanovo, then you can not create separate items for the component roads Petrovo - Sidorovo or Sidorovo-Ivanovo. Such items will be deleted from the map (with the “Petrovo - Ivanovo” road remaining).

When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side.

3.3.3.3.3.5.2

You can not include a route description in the road name that is not included in official documents. These descriptions (generally they refer to roads leading to concrete items like “dirt road to windmill” or “road to beach”) will be deleted from the map.

3.3.3.3.3.5.3

Shorten long route descriptions (i.e. those that consist of three or more stops) so that you only mention the first and last stops.

An exception is for routes with the same starting and ending points that differ by at least one intermediary one.

3.3.3.3.3.5.4

If one of the stops in the route description is another highway, then enter its number in the name even if the highway is described using its beginning and ending stops in official documents.

For example, enter names like Moscow-Yaroslavl - Nikolaevka” as “М-8 - Nikolaevka”.

When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side.

3.3.3.3.3.5.5

If the route description only includes the ending point of the route, then enter it in the format “Road to Lukyantsevo”.

If the route name is written differently in official documents, then that name can be entered under the “Also known as” type.

For example: Road to Lukyantsevo, Road to village of Lukyantsevo, Road from М-55 Highway to Lukyantsevo, etc.

3.3.3.3.3.5.6

If the route description includes not only the proper names of related localities but also their types, then only enter the name in the “Also known as” field.

For example: enter the Village of Nikolaevka - Village of Lesnaya - Village of Tikhi as: Nikolaevka - Lesnaya - Tikhi.

3.3.3.3.3.6
Enter road numbers that correspond to outdated classification systems (the USSR, RSFSR, Russian Federation classifications that remain in effect until January 1, 2018) in the “also known as, historical” field for the appropriate road.
3.3.3.3.3.7

Enter names of ski trails, car-racing tracks, motorcycle tracks, etc. if they are attached to sports complexes. Enter them as “Official” names and indicate the type of item (for example, 5G Highway).

You can name pedestrian paths that are only intended for athletic use and do not have proper names. For example: Ski trail.

Note.

Do not use local unofficial (“folk”) names for these types of items.

3.3.3.3.3.8

If the same road sections belong to two streets:

3.3.3.3.3.8.1

If these streets don't completely overlap, then create two streets with their own official names. Don't enter a caption name on the map.

3.3.3.3.3.8.2

If both streets are linked to the same locality, overlap each other,and only differ by number (for example, the streets on the 10th and 11th line on Vasilievsky Island in Saint Petersburg):

Create a separate item for each street with its own official name, but use the same caption name for both streets. For example, the 10th and 11th line on V.O. (Vasilievsky Island):

3.3.3.3.3.8.3

If both streets are linked to the same locality, overlap each other, and only differ by name (for example, Luzhniki St. and Novoluzhnetsky Ln. in Moscow), then each street should be a separate item with its own official name: Don't enter a caption name on the map.

3.3.3.3.3.9

If a street forms the border between two localities and each side belongs to a different locality, then create two streets and link them accordingly (regardless of how the street is named). Don't enter a caption name on the map.

In these cases, the streets can have either the same name or different names.

3.3.3.4. Road components

Edit road components the same way that you would with any composite linear map item.

Note.

When you edit motorways, you can add sections of road as a group (note: this function is not available for all users).

3.3.3.4.1

The road only includes sections that are officially components of that road. Passageways within courtyards, dead ends, paths, or passageways between blocks in rural localities are officially not considered parts of roads and are not included in roads on maps.

3.3.3.4.2

If there is no official information about how a section of road fits into its parent road, then place the road where the majority of addresses linked to it are located.

Additionally:

  • If an address point or small group of them are located at a distance from the main area with residential buildings, then you do not need to specially draw the street up to the buildings.

    The green arrow on the drawing points to a named section of a street and the red arrow — an unnamed section of the same street:

  • If approximately the same number of address points are located on two streets that run parallel or perpendicular to each other, you should include both sections of road in the street.

  • Streets do not include passageways between the narrow sides of buildings and the courtyards except in cases when the passageway connects pieces of the same street.

    The red arrows in the drawing indicate courtyard passages that you should not include as parts of the road: