3.3.3. Road attribute rules

Roads on Yandex Map Editor are composite linear items that are not drawn on the map, but rather compiled from one or more road sections, each of which is drawn individually and assigned separate attributes. For more information, see 3.3.2. Attribution rules of sections.

Roads are created as individual items when you fill in the Street field in the attribute panel for a road section. For more information, see Street. After you create the road, its name will appear as a link in the attribute panel for that road section.

If the road section belongs to several streets simultaneously, then several links will appear:

The road's attribute panel will open when you click on the link. Click(Edit) to switch to editing mode.

Use the panel to add attributes to the road.

Techniques for adding attributes to road sections are similar to the techniques for adding attributes to all items on YME.


When you name a road drawn using two lines, the name applies to both lines.

Here is a list of attributes for Road items and rules for assigning values to them. Location

The Location attribute determines which administrative division a road is linked to:

As you start entering the name of the administrative division into the field, a list of suggestions comprised of items that are already on the map will appear automatically:

When you enter the location:

International motorways split into sections at state borders and each section belongs exclusively to the country that it runs through.

Each piece of road connects to its corresponding first-level (“Country”) administrative district.

Interstates (as well as federal routes in Russia, which include branches of the main road) are considered first-level administrative divisions (“Nationwide”).

Roads of regional significance and inter-municipal roads are linked to second-level (“Region”) administrative districts rather than to districts or settlements (even if the road is entirely contained within the latter).

Streets are linked to localities or municipalities if the country is divided into municipalities and doesn't use the term “locality” (for example, Turkey or France).


If two streets in the same locality have the same name, they are an exception to this rule. These type of streets are linked to the districts or blocks where they are located (according to official sources).

If you can't find information about a street's location in official sources, then link the street to the district or block that it is generally considered to belong to.

A street linked to a locality should be located entirely within the borders of that locality, except in cases where the partial or complete location of the street outside the locality is confirmed by official sources.

Race tracks, kart circuits, motorcycle race tracks, running tracks, and so on are linked to administrative divisions of the “Block” type. You can create a separate administrative division of the “Block” type to link them.

Ferry crossings are linked to first-level administrative divisions (“Nationwide”). Ice crossings and winter roads should be linked to second-level administrative divisions they're located in. If they're located within several second-level administrative divisions, link them to first-level administrative divisions instead (“Nationwide”).
Kilometer counts should be linked to lowest-level administrative divisions they're located in, but not below the locality level. Type of road

Select the road type from the list in the Type field:

Rules for selecting a type are listed below. Street in locality

All streets in localities that have the same official name (including names of transit roads if they have the same name outside the borders of the locality):

Ski trails and major car-racing tracks belong to this type (see point, running and skiing tracks at stadiums and sports complexes, ski trails within developed areas of localities (see point


Names are considered official if they can be confirmed by the following:

  • Official sources (for example, FIAS, the Rosreestr, or official street-naming orders in Russian laws and regulations)
  • Local laws and regulations or maps (for farming co-ops, cottage communities, parks, cemeteries, etc.).;

  • Maps or sites of major ski resorts, or auto- and motor-racing tracks that host international competitions (for example, the Nürburgring, the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya). Numbered highways

Highways with a number confirmed by a road database.

If the highway has a proper name in addition to the number used as part of its name (in the form of an abbreviation or capital letter), enter it using this format:

  • in the official name — Full name + Abbreviated name and number;
  • in the caption name — Abbreviated name and number.

For example:

In Russian In English
Official name

European route E95

Asian Highway 6

European route E95

Asian Highway 6

Name for caption






Do not map numbered highways that are located completely within the territory of a locality.

See also point Road infrastructure

Roads named after other structures they are related to: bridges, overpasses, tunnels (but not squares):

These items are named both as “road” items and as “road structure” items (see also point

Squares are exclusively labeled as road infrastructure items. Urban arterial

Roads within the limits of a city or town that function as urban expressways (like the Western High-Speed Diameter in St. Petersburg) or major arterials that combine multiple streets. The latter have official street names for individual sections in addition to the name of the arterial (examples in Moscow include the Third Transport Ring, which is comprised of Begovaya street, Sushchyovsky Val, and other streets;and the Garden Ring, which includes Bolshaya Sadovaya street, Sadovaya-Karetnaya street, and others). Named highway

Named highways that pass through several localities as well as named ice and ferry crossings.

For example: Mozhayskoye, Borovskoye, Rublyovo-Uspenskoye Highways, Beryozovo-Deminskaya Winter Road, Plaksikha–Lubyany Ice Crossing. Kilometer number

Roads whose names correspond to kilometers of named highways (for example, MKAD or Novorizhskoye Highway):


The kilometer number on the highway sign/post indicates that that kilometer ends there.

Sections of road that belong to ring roads and are marked by kilometer number can belong to one of three ring-road item types where the kilometer marking runs parallel on the external and internal sides of the ring (such as the MKAD). If the kilometer markings don't run parallel, then there are two item types for these road sections (such as the KAD, which is also known as highway A-118):

  1. Ring roads in general. For example, the MKAD.
  2. A piece of the whole road that corresponds to the kilometer in question, including both road lines. For example, Novocherkasskoye Highway, 1054th km.

    Generally, address points are linked to this item.

  3. Two sections of road that correspond to the kilometer in question including one line of the road (along the internal and external sides).

    The names of these roads distinguish between the internal and external side of the ring (using the labels external / internal side or external / internal ring).

    For example, MKAD, 40th kilometer, external side and MKAD, 40th kilometer, internal side.

    When specifying names used in map captions, use “km” instead of “kilometer”.

    Enter the names using this format:

    • official name: MKAD, 40th kilometer, inner side

    • name for map caption: MKAD, 40 km Named exit.

Exits from the main road that have their own names or numbers. For example, numbered exits from the MKAD (Exit 24 — exit to Kashirskoye highway).


Attribute values must not contradict each other Class and Design features conflict with road section attributes.

For example, a “ Numbered highway” “ can not” include sections of Pedestrian and bike paths or a “ Roundabout” design feature. Trails

Trails on Yandex Map Editor are composite linear items not drawn on the map but rather compiled from one or more sections of road, each of which is drawn individually and assigned separate attributes. For more information, see Sections 2.6.2. Composite linear items and 3.3.2. Rules for adding attributes to sections of road).

This item type is used to mark ski and tubing trails on Yandex Map Editor.

Draw these items if they meet the following conditions:

  • They are official parts of sports complexes or similar items.
  • They are specially designated trails (laid out specifically for training and skiing rather than randomly scattered across the park). Types of trails

You can draw the following trail types:

  • Ski — ski trails of varying difficulty. The difficulty level is indicated by the color and selected based on the official map of the item.
  • Cross-country ski.
  • Tubing.
  • Snowpark — a ski trail equipped for performing tricks.

Only mark the above-listed types of items as trails.

Items that don't fall into any of the categories (for example, race tracks) shouldn't be marked as trails. Creating a trail

To create a trail:

  1. Enter “Trail” in the search field (What do you want to create?) or select Create → Roads → Trail.

    Note. You can only use the first method for the moment.

    The Trail panel will open.

  2. Set the geometry of the trail by clicking on the road sections it should include (see Section 2.6.2. Composite linear items).

  3. Enter the Name of the trail.

  4. Select its Type from the list:

  5. Click Save, and the trail will be saved (similar to Roads):


    Currently (before the Roads: Trails color-coding is published), trails built on the basis of a road section of a certain type are displayed on the map as a road of that type.

    The type of trail doesn't affect how it is displayed, and is only shown in the tooltip:

  6. To add or create road sections based on a previously created trail, click Add in the trail card: Name of road

Enter the name of a road in the Street field of the attribute panel for that road section (this is partially shown in the drawing):

When you enter the characters that make up the road (street) name in the field, a list of streets that are already drawn on the map and whose names include those characters will display:

If the street is not on the map, you must fill in this field manually: enter a name for the new road and it will be created. When you enter road names, follow the Rules for naming roads (see below for information).

After the item is saved, its name will appear as a link in the attribute panel:

The road's attribute panel will open when you click on the link.

Click(Edit) to switch to editing mode.

The techniques for entering road names are similar to the techniques for entering names for all items on YME.

Note. Crossroads and small at-grade junctions with proper names can be drawn as level-6 administrative divisions (Named territories).In addition to using a placemark, you can also represent it using a polygon (see sections and Rules for naming roads

When you enter road names, follow the rules of grammar for the language you are using.

Note. Road naming is distinct for every country When adding road names, you should follow local norms. In particular, see Rules for naming roads for Russia and Post-Soviet States.

For roads that have the “# kilometer” type, you must enter a name “for caption on map” (in addition to the official name).

If that road is part of a “Numbered highway” or “Arterial road”, then the caption name for that element uses the “caption name” of the mother road (if this road is not indicated, then use the official name).


If the name of such a road includes the number of kilometers written as digits, it is expressed as an ordinal number, that is, using the build-up (hyphen and letter case end).

For example:
  • If the official name of a road is М-7 Volga, 817th km, the caption name will be М-7 (the road label M-7 Volga).
  • If the official name of a road is MKAD, 73rd km, the caption name will be MKAD (the official name is the Moscow ring road, so you don't need to enter the caption name for it).
If this road is parent for addresses and it is written in them not in the format of a “numbered highway” (for example, 60K-11), but as a route description like “Point A - Point B” (for example, Shakhty - Tsimlyansk), then the official name should be the number of kilometers and route description and the caption name should be the highway number.
For example, if the number of kilometers is the parent item for the address “1, Shakhty - Tsimlyansk Highway, 1st km”, its name should be written like this:
  • Official name: Shakhty - Tsymlyansk Highway, 1st km
  • For caption on map: 60K-11

Don't enter names for exits/connecting road sections at interchanges or circular road sections. Not all such sections show up in the drawing:

If an exit has a name, enter it as the name of the road (for example, MKAD, exit 24:

If a frontage road that runs along a major city street does not have its own unique name, assign it the same name as the main street and add the frontage road in parentheses. If a frontage road has its own name, then add “frontage road” in parentheses to the road name (for example, Sibirsky Trakt (frontage road):
The “Previously called” field is only used in cases where the name of a road changed in the past two years.
If the name changed more than two years ago, enter it in the “Also known as, historical” field.
The naming rules are the same for all roads, including those under construction.
For roads with compound names (i.e. a road's proper name and a name of a connected road, like Sadovaya ulitsa 1-ya Liniya and Central Street Large Driveway), the names are laid out based on what sounds best in one of the approved formats. The appropriate format is chosen based on what's best for the current area and if there's not enough information, format 3 is used:
  1. Grammatically consistent name: both words denoting the street type should be written according to the item type writing rules for a given language.

    For instance, Sadovaya ulitsa 1-ya Liniya and Central Street Large Driveway.

  2. The name of the main road should be discarded.

    For example, 1st Line, Bolshoy Driveway.

  3. The names shouldn't be tied grammatically and are separated by a comma. Both words denoting the street type should be written according to the item type writing rules for a given language.

    For instance, Sadovaya ulitsa 1-ya Liniya and Central Street Large Driveway.

If a road has a very long name, then enter it as the “Official” name and use the shortened version for the “Caption” (without leaving out any of the main identifying parts of the name).

For example, for Hero of the Soviet Union V. N. Fokin St., enter these names:

  • Official name: Hero of the Soviet Union V. N. Fokin St.;
  • Name for caption on map: Fokin St. Naming highways

Follow these rules when naming highways (roads with the Numbered highway or Named highway type): Highways with a number and proper name
The numbers of highways with a number and proper name are marked on the map in accordance with official documents.

For example: M-1 Belarus (not M1 Belarus). These roads are called Numbered highways.

Enter their names using this format:

  • Official name — number and proper name. For example: М-7 Volga, 98K-016 Abalakh.

    For roads that belong to European or Asian networks (for example, Е95 or АН6), enter two official names (in Russian and English).

    You can enter an English name for a Russian highway (for example, М-10 Russia), but this is not mandatory.

  • Name for caption — the number without the proper name (used in the stripe on the map), for example М-7, 98K-016.

  • “ Also known as, historical names” — description of the route that corresponds to official documentation (see point, for example point A - point B.

    When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side. Highways with a number and no proper name
Highways with a number and no proper name (typically regional highways, for example 17N-515). These roads are called Numbered highways.

Do not map numbered highways that are located completely within the territory of a locality.

Numbers of regional roads in Russia should be entered in the format 17N-515, where:

  • 17 — the region code in the OKATO database (the Russian classification system for administrative divisions)
  • The letters N, K, R and A are road values
  • 515 — the ordinal number for that region.

If there are several highways within the region with names like 17N-515, enter the full names as the official names (without spaces), and enter the short names for the captions.

For example, the highways 19-224 OP RZ 19K-006 and 19-214 OP RZ 19K-006 will have the following names:

  • official: 19-224OPRZ19K-006 and 19-214OPRZ19K-006

  • for the caption: 19K-006 and 19K-006

Enter their names using this format:

  • Official name — number, for example 17N-515.
  • Don't enter a name for the caption.
  • Also known as, historical names — description of the route that corresponds to official documentation (see point, for example point A - point B.

    When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side. Branches extending from federal highways
Branches extending from federal highways are marked as items separate from the main course of the road, regardless of whether they are dead ends or transit roads. These roads are called Numbered highways.

Enter their names using this format:

  • Official name — highway number and description of the branch route. For example: M-5, entrance to Saransk; M-4, old route via Verkhny Mamon.
  • Name for caption — highway number. For example: М-5, M-4. Highways without a number, but with a proper name
Unnumbered highways with their own name are roads (which do not correspond with other roads that are recorded in official documents) with assigned unique names. For example, Mozhayskoye Highway or Chuisky Trakt. These roads are called Named highways. They receive an official name, which is to say a unique proper name for the highway. Example: Mozhayskoye Highway.

This type also includes winter roads, ice crossings, and ferry crossings. Their official names should be constructed from the names of their start and end points or the name of the area they lead to. They should also include the road type (winter road, ice crossing, or ferry crossing). For example, the Laryak Village winter road, the Ponga–Onega winter road, the Vanino–Kholmsk ferry crossing, the Voznesenye ferry crossing.

If a ferry crossing connects two counties, it should consist of two items of the “Named highway” type (each of them based in their corresponding country with a name in that country's language).


Due to technical limitations, our staff may edit some of those crossings in a way that contradicts the rules, and then lock them out of any further edits. Description of the route in accordance with official documents.

In Russia, the official documents that describe the route include the list of roads of federal significance and the lists of regional roads (by federal subject). Similar documents have been adopted in other countries.

When you use route descriptions:

Don't create separate items for sections of an extended named or numbered motorway that corresponds to a public transport route.

For example, if the official description of a route is Petrovo - Ivanovo, then you can not create separate items for the component roads Petrovo - Sidorovo or Sidorovo-Ivanovo. Such items will be deleted from the map (with the “Petrovo - Ivanovo” road remaining).

When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side.

You can not include a route description in the road name that is not included in official documents. These descriptions (generally they refer to roads leading to concrete items like “dirt road to windmill” or “road to beach”) will be deleted from the map.

Shorten long route descriptions (i.e. those that consist of three or more stops) so that you only mention the first and last stops.

An exception is for routes with the same starting and ending points that differ by at least one intermediary one.

If one of the stops in the route description is another highway, then enter its number in the name even if the highway is described using its beginning and ending stops in official documents.

For example, enter names like Moscow-Yaroslavl - Nikolaevka” as “М-8 - Nikolaevka”.

When you enter these types of names, use a hyphen with a space on each side.

If the route description only includes the ending point of the route, then enter it in the format “Road to Lukyantsevo”.

If the route name is written differently in official documents, it can be entered under the “Also known as” type.

For example: entrance to Nizovskaya, entrance to Lukyantseva, road from highway M-55 to Lukyantseva etc.

If the route description includes not only the proper names of related localities but also their types, then only enter the name in the “Also known as” field.

For example: enter the Village of Nikolaevka - Village of Lesnaya - Village of Tikhi as: Nikolaevka - Lesnaya - Tikhi.
Enter road numbers that correspond to outdated classification systems (the USSR, RSFSR, Russian Federation classifications that remain in effect until January 1, 2018) in the “also known as, historical” field for the appropriate road.

Enter names of race tracks, motorcycle tracks, and so on if they are assigned by the sports complex. Enter them as “Official” names and indicate the type of item (for example, 5G Highway).

Ski trails and their names are created in accordance with the rules for creating trails (see

You can name pedestrian paths that are only intended for athletic use and do not have proper names. For example: Ski trail.


“Do not use” local unofficial (folk) names for these types of items.

You can only include road sections in several “Locality street” type objects in the following cases:

If a street forms the border between two localities and each side belongs to a different locality, then create two streets and link them accordingly (regardless of how the street is named). Don't enter a caption name on the map.

In these cases, the streets can have either the same name or different names.

If both streets are linked to the same locality, overlap each other,and only differ by number (for example, the streets on the 10th and 11th line on Vasilievsky Island in Saint Petersburg):

Create a separate item for each street with its own official name, but use the same caption name for both streets. For example, 10th and 11th lines of Vasilievsky Island

If both streets are linked to the same locality, overlap each other, and only differ by name (for example, Luzhniki St. and Novoluzhnetsky Ln. in Moscow), then each street should be a separate item with its own official name: Caption name is not assigned Road components

Edit road components the same way that you would with any composite linear map item.


When you edit motorways, you can add sections of road as a group (note: this function is not available for all users).

The road must only include road sections that make up its main road line (no branches) and are officially deemed part of that road.

Passageways within courtyards, dead ends, or passageways between blocks in rural localities are not officially considered to be sections of roads and are thus not included in roads on maps.

All branches off the main road should not be set as parts of that road, even if they are deemed as such in official documents.

If there is no official information about how a section of road fits into its parent road, then place the road where the majority of addresses linked to it are located.


  • If an address point or small group of them are located at a distance from the main area with residential buildings, then you do not need to specially draw the street up to the buildings.

    The green arrow on the drawing points to a named section of a street and the red arrow — an unnamed section of the same street:

  • If approximately the same number of address points are located on two streets that run parallel or perpendicular to each other, you should include both sections of road in the street.

  • Streets do not include passageways between the narrow sides of buildings and the courtyards except in cases when the passageway connects pieces of the same street.

    The red arrows in the drawing indicate courtyard passages that you should not include as parts of the road:

  • Road sections that are named based on diagrams and internal documents of parks, nature reserves, and similar items only include pedestrian sections of road. Assigning road sections at intersections

If a road becomes a different road at an intersection, then the sections of those roads that are within the intersection are not considered components of the road and you should leave the “Part of” field blank:

If the road forms a T-shape at the intersection with another (two-line) road, or there are unnamed sections of road after the intersection, the section of the first road that runs through the two lines of the second road should still be considered part of the first road and share its name. This rule also applies to intersections with frontage roads.

If the same road runs along both sides of the intersection, then include the sections of road in the intersection among the parts of that road (and assign it the same name as the entire road itself):