3.3.2. Rules for adding attributes to sections of road

The attribute panel for a section of road looks like this:

Techniques for adding attributes to road sections are similar to the techniques for adding attributes to all items on YME.

When you add attributes to roads, pay attention to how you assign attributes to road signs that are linked to intersections.

When you add attributes to road sections, follow the rules that apply specifically to them. The attributes for Sections of road are listed below, as well as the rules for entering values for each of them:

Attention.

When you add attributes to both a section of road and the entire road (see section 3.3.3. Road attribute rules), make sure that the values you enter don't contradict each other.

For example, if you enter Tunnel as the Type of structure for a section of road, then the Level A and Level B attributes should have negative values.

3.3.2.1. class

All roads are classified according to their significance in the transportation system. Every road section is assigned a specific Class value.

The class of a road is determined first and foremost by the type and size of the localities and other significant items that it connects to, as well as the role that it plays in connecting the larger road network.

To a lesser extent, the road's physical characteristics may influence its class status. However, the fact that a highway has an identification number does not affect its significance.

This means that a narrow single-lane road connecting two cities will be assigned a higher class than a two-carriageway road with a median that connects districts within a single city.

When you enter a road class, follow the descriptions of each road class given below, as well as these rules:

  • When selecting a road class, you must preserve how the road is connected to the network: each class of road should connect to roads of higher classes to form a united (connected) network. See point 3.3.1.1.1.

    In particular, keep this point in mind to avoid lowering a road's class in areas where it passes through localities (if there are no roads that circumvent those localities).

    Additionally, roads of a particular class should not be connected to the remaining road network exclusively by roads of a lower class. The connection to the network should happen via roads of the same or a higher class. The only exception to this rule is for locations that are physically cut off from the main road network.

  • When there are several roads of the same significance, select the main ones and the ones that are preferable for transit traffic. Assign those ones a higher class. This is particularly necessary in order to avoid assigning the same class to too many roads in city centers.

  • Roads and exit lanes that connect roads of different classes at intersections and interchanges are assigned the lowest class among the roads being connected, even in cases where the exit lane can serve as a frontage road to the main highway:

    • At the exit from a high-class highway to a low-class one, enter the functional class of the lowest class highway for the connecting road or exit. Start from the point where it branches off (i.e. from the beginning of the turn or exit).
    • At the entrance from a low-class highway to a high-class one, enter the functional class of the lowest class highway for the connecting road or exit up to the point where they join (i.e. from the beginning of the turn or exit).
    • Furthermore, at intersections/interchanges involving roads of three or more classes, a situation may occur where the exits should have a certain class according to their formal characteristics but actually belong to a different class (and should be assigned to this latter class during mapping).
    • Example 1. The intersection of road #1 (class 2), road #2 (class 5) and road #3 (class 6) is shown in the drawing.
    • Exits #4, 5, 6 and 7 connect roads #1 and 2, so based on that formal characteristic and their position in the road network, the exits should be assigned the lowest class from among the classes of connecting roads — class 5.
    • Within this same road interchange though, exits #8 and 9 actually connect roads #1 and 3, so the exits should be assigned class 6:
    • Example 2. A class-4 road passes through an intersection (purple in the drawing); two other roads cross the intersection: a class-6 road (yellow) and a class-7 road (green).
    • Furthermore, the following notes apply to the intersecting parts:
    • a) Those marked with red arrows connect class-4 roads
    • b) Those marked with blue arrows connect class-6 and class-4 roads (the upper part provides passage from the class-4 road on the left and onto the class-6 road, the right part provides passage from the class-6 road up and onto the class-4 road).
    • Therefore, the classes of intersecting road sections should be assigned according to the following rules:
  • A circular road section will take the same class as the highest class road that intersects with it.

  • On a road drawn using two lines, any road sections used to make u-turns should have the same class as the road itself:

    If a road continues through an intersection (for example, at a T-shaped intersection) and does not allow for u-turns (see point 3.3.2.7.6), then assign that road section the same class as the main road it is part of (see also points 3.3.1.5.3.6 and 3.3.1.5.3.7):

    If a class 8 or 9 road leads to an intersection, then raise the class of that intersection to 7:

    If a road of the highest class doesn't change directions at an intersection and is a continuation of roads of various classes, then assign it to the highest of the road classes that it is a continuation of:

Note.

In addition to the class of the road section, roads are characterized by the type, which you can enter using the road editing panel (see section 3.3.3.2. Type of road

Choose the road class from the list (only a partial list is shown in the drawing):

When you hold your cursor over an entry in the list, you'll see a icon appear on the right side. Hold your cursor over that icon to see a tool tip (i.e. a short description of that road class):

When you enter the class for a section of road, there are certain class-specific attribute selection rules you must follow:

3.3.2.1.1. Freeways (class 1)

National highways that have the official Freeway or Speedway status and inner-city rapid transit motorways form class 1.

Roads of class 1 and 2 complement one another and should form a connected network. For example, the section of the E-30 highway in Poland in the Minska-Mazowiecki district.

3.3.2.1.2. National highways (class 2)

Motorways of national and international significance that form the main body of the road network in large and mid-size countries and are the main transit highways in small countries that connect the capitals (or major cities) of neighboring states form class 2.

In large countries, this road network connects the administrative centers of second-level administrative divisions.

In large countries, this type may also include major inter-regional roads that connect several centers of second-level administrative divisions.

Roads that are part of transcontinental international highway networks belong to this class.

3.3.2.1.3. Interregional Roads (class 3)

Roads of regional and interregional significance form class 3:

  • Secondary paved highways connecting neighboring countries

  • Roads leading to major cities from classes 1-2 of the road network

  • Highways linking neighboring second-level administrative divisions

In major cities and agglomerations, the most significant outbound roads also belong to this class.

In sparsely populated, sprawling territories, this level also includes internal roads that are at least 150 km long.

3.3.2.1.4. Regional roads (class 4)

Key roads of intraregional significance within second-level administrative divisions form class 4:

  • Main roads that link to each other

    • Centers of third-level administrative divisions

    • The largest localities (for that country) that have district centers and either roads of class 1-3 or neighboring districts (if the road in question wasn't assigned a higher class)

  • In widespread and sparsely populated areas: roads at least 50 km in length that connect 5-10 rural localities along with roads of higher classes or lead to townships with populations of at least 5,000.

  • In localities with populations over 100,000, outbound highways that are intra-regional and main thoroughfares (other than those that belong to higher classes)

If a class 4 road ends within a locality, then it should lead to a central square, vehicle station, or a central intersections.

Within localities, roads of this class may lead to popular transport, social, or cultural attractions of state significance.

Note.

Sometimes unpaved roads lead to centers of third-level administrative divisions; these roads should not be assigned to class 4.

3.3.2.1.5. District roads (class 5)

Key roads within third-level administrative divisions that were not assigned to a higher class form class 5.

This class includes roads that are not urban and run through several small localities (or lead to one major locality) and connect the latter to roads of class 1-4.

Within localities, roads of this type may lead to extremely popular transport, social, or cultural items of regional significance.

In cities with populations greater than 100,000, class 5 roads include large transit streets that link neighboring parts of a city, and outbound highways that continue past the city as local roads leading to rural localities.

In localities with populations of less than 100,000, class 5 include major transit roads through the city (when there are roads of class 1-4 that circumscribe the city).

If a road of that class ends in a locality, then it should lead to a central square, vehicle station, or a central intersections.

3.3.2.1.6. Local roads (class 6)

Main local roads

Outside of localities, this class includes roads that are not included in classes 1-5 and that lead to separate localities, rural settlements, and farmers co-ops (or groups of localities that are located in the same area). These roads are not connected to the main road network via roads of a higher class.

In major rural developments (including farmers co-ops and rural (dacha) settlements) this class includes highways and roads that lead to extremely popular transport, social and cultural items of regional significance.

In localities, class 6 roads include main streets that are set off from urban zones (districts, subdistricts or localities that are part of the city), secondary transit streets that are connected to neighboring areas of the city (such as exits from isolated city zones), and frontage roads with no less than three traffic lanes that run adjacent to highways of class 1-4 (see point 3.3.2.7.5).

In small localities, this class is used to represent the main transit road when a road of class 1-5 that circumvents the city is present.

If a road of that class ends in a locality, then it should lead to a central intersections.

Keep in mind that the physical characteristics of roads of this class may notably differ from one another. For example, the multi-lane Bogatyrsky Ave. in Saint Petersburg is a class 6 road:



As is Tatishcheva St. in Yekaterinburg:



3.3.2.1.7. Roads of minimal significance (class 7)

This class includes all local roads that have proper names and do not belong to class 1-6, but are technically suitable for motor traffic (even if traffic is prohibited or the street is labeled a pedestrian zone). It also includes unnamed passageways and intersections that handle the same traffic that the connecting roads do.

In rural localities and farming co-ops with unnamed streets, class 7 only includes the main roads in farming and rural (dacha) communities.

Exceptions to this rule are major roads used to enter/exit or transit within multistory blocks that cover a large area (including unnamed streets), and main roads on major cemetery grounds.

You can indicate whether or not streets of this class are accessible to pedestrians using the Accessible to attribute (indicate this attribute for streets like Arbat in Moscow or Bolshoy Pokrovskaya St. in Nizhniy Novgorod).

Central alleys and streets in pedestrian zones (like parks, cultural monuments, sports and recreation areas, etc.) that can be used by technical service vehicles also relate to this class. Enter the accessible to pedestrians and bicyclists attribute for these roads.

Outside of cities, class 7 roads include paved roads leading to small localities and farming co-ops that are between 1-5 km in length, as well as re-enforced dirt, forest, or field roads (including those that run through shallow riverbeds), and winter roads that are the main or preferred route to a rural locality or a farming co-op.

At least one road of this class or higher should lead to every populated locality.

Outside of localities, class 7 includes paved roads that lead to transport-related structures and agricultural items, recreational areas, camps for children, local attractions, and networks of technological paved roads within broad industrial areas or territories.

Additionally, this class includes all trails at major ski resorts that are located within developed areas of localities (like Bukovel and Roza-Khutor) as well as tracks at major car-racing facilities (such as the Formula 1 racing tracks).

Class 7 also includes all roads that are under construction (other than class 10 roads — pedestrian and bike paths) and some frontage roads (see point 3.3.2.7.5).

3.3.2.1.8. Driveways (class 8)

Roads that are only used to get to one concrete place (the entrance of a building, a particular tourist attraction, etc.) and are not used to transit anywhere form class 8:

  • 1) Un-named paths and dead ends on the territory of individual developments
  • 2) Passageways within courtyards or blocks
  • 3) Roads on closed territories: within industrial zones, on the territories of organizations and institutions such as hospitals, hotels, resorts, recreation and wellness centers, etc.
  • 4) Exit ramps going from highways to gas stations or parking lots, roads on the territories of gas stations and parking lots
  • 5) Pieces of secondary named roads on the territories of individual developments (including farming co-ops).
  • 6) Internal passageways on the territories of garage complexes
  • 7) Tracks at medium and small race car, go cart, and motorcycle racing complexes.
  • 8) Frontage roads to class 7 roads (see point 3.3.2.7.5).

This class is typically found in localities. If they are found outside of localities, it is generally only in the cases described in points 3 and 4.

Class 8 roads do not have names.

3.3.2.1.9. Field and forest roads (class 9)

This class comprises dirt roads running through fields and forests that were not assigned a higher class.

In most cases this class includes insignificant roads leading from one locality towards another or that runs deep into an unpopulated area.

Roads in this class are not commonly found within the borders of localities (with the exception of areas that are not very developed, but are nevertheless parts of localities).

Roads that belong to this class do not have names and are not paved.

If the road network consists of sections of a class-9 road and all entrances are blocked or have restricted access signs, then mark the roads in that network as accessible to bicyclists and pedestrians only.

3.3.2.1.10. Pedestrian and bike paths (class 10)

This class comprises roads that can not physically support vehicles (or traffic laws prohibit vehicle passage on them).

This includes sidewalks; pedestrian roads through parks or cemeteries, within building blocks, or over railways or motorways; staircases, pedestrian bridges and tunnels, and named streets that can not physically be traversed by vehicle (if, for example, they are narrow paved paths).

Additionally, this class includes running tracks at stadiums and sports complexes, equipped ski trails at skiing and biathlon stadiums, and all ski paths within developed areas of localities.

Use the “Pedestrian crosswalks” and Design features attributes for Pedestrian crosswalks.

Assign significant pedestrian paths (such as Arbat St. in Moscow) to class 7 rather than class 10 (see point 3.3.2.1.7).

3.3.2.2. street

Indicate the name of the street that contains the section you drew. The name shows what road the section belongs to.

Attention.

Don't fill out this field for roads of class 8-9.

As you start entering the name of the road into the field, suggestions start to appear in the list automatically. This list includes names of roads that contain those characters and were already drawn on the map:

When you fill in the field, keep in mind that streets often partially overlap with each other, so a specific section of road may simultaneously belong to several roads with different names. For example, Begovaya St. in Moscow is also part of the Third Transport Circle.

In these cases, you can add the appropriate number of attribute values after you enter the first value.

When you fill in the field:

  • If the street is already on the map, then select its name from the list of suggestions.

  • If the street is not on the map, you must fill in this field manually: enter a name for the new road and it will be created. When you enter road names, follow the Rules for naming roads (see point 3.3.3.3. Name of road

After the item is saved, its name will appear as a link in the attribute panel:

The road's attribute panel will open when you click on the link and you can use it to view and edit its components and attributes (for more information, see section 3.3.3. Road attribute rules).

For information on setting the “Part of” attribute, also see point 3.3.3.3.3.9; and for sections of road at intersections — point 3.3.1.5.3.5.

3.3.2.3. Accessible to

In the “Accessible to” field, enter whether or not that road section is accessible to vehicles (by type) and/or pedestrians. Refer to traffic laws and road signs to determine whether or not a particular type of vehicle can pass along a section of road (rather than if passage is physically possible).

The available values convey whether the road is accessible to pedestrians, bicyclists, public transport, trucks, and/or light vehicles.

Click the appropriate button to enter this attribute (click once to indicate that a given section of road is accessible to pedestrians, bicyclists, public transport, trucks, or light vehicles, and click again to indicate that it is inaccessible to that group). When you set the road's accessibility, it is reflected in the pictograph: if the road is inaccessible, the button turns white and the pictograph gets “crossed out”:

When entering attribute values:

3.3.2.3.1

For crossings and sidewalks, only use the “Pedestrian” value.

3.3.2.3.2

For roadways:

3.3.2.3.2.1

You must use the “Pedestrian” value if there is no sidewalk along the motorway, but pedestrians can still walk along the shoulder.

3.3.2.3.2.2

You can not use the “Pedestrian” value for roadways in these cases:

  • If the roadway is class 1 (Freeways).

  • If the road is class 2-7 and it's not physically possible for pedestrians to walk along it (because there is no sidewalk or road shoulder, such as in zones of development).
  • If a sidewalk is drawn along one side of one section of road but there is no sidewalk or shoulder that pedestrians could use along the other side (see point 3.3.1.6.3. Sidewalks).

  • If sidewalks are drawn along both sides of a section of road (see point 3.3.1.6.3. Sidewalks).

    Note.

    Use the pedestrian access value for roads of class 8, even if a sidewalk is drawn along it.

  • If a road that doesn't have a sidewalk (blue in drawing) intersects with a road (brown) that does have a sidewalk (yellow dotted line) and the “Pedestrian” value is disabled for the latter section, then disable the “Pedestrian” value for the section of the first road that runs between the second road and the sidewalk (red arrow):

    Note.

    If pedestrians can only access class 7 roads (for example, private roads), then use the pedestrian access value for the roads in question (even in the case described in the example above).

  • Don't use the “Pedestrian” value for u-turns and intersections on roads drawn using two lines:

3.3.2.3.3

Set the “Bicycle” value for road sections that bicyclists can use in accordance with traffic laws.

Attention.

The rules for setting accessibility values for sections of road that bicyclists can use may differ by country (in accordance with local traffic laws).

3.3.2.3.3.1
For separate bike paths (see point 3.3.1.6.5. Bike paths) only enter that attribute value. Furthermore, don't mark bike paths that run parallel to vehicle or pedestrians roads as accessible.
3.3.2.3.3.2
If a pedestrian crosswalk or stairway has a ramp that is accessible on a bicycle, set the attribute value.
3.3.2.3.4

Use the “Public transport” value for all roads of class 1-7.

Don't use“ the ”Public transport value for any roads of class 8-10 except for sections that are used for public transport routes (such as traffic circles at ending stops).

Also don't use the “Public transport” value for any of the roads indicated under point 3.3.2.3.6.

3.3.2.3.5
When you enter attribute values for road sections that have the “Traffic prohibited” or “Entrance prohibited” signs, follow point 3.3.1.7. Rules for drawing road barriers.
3.3.2.3.6

For ski tracks, running paths, and other such items, you must use the “Pedestrian” value exclusively.

For car- and motorcycle-racing tracks (and other similar items) you must use the “Light vehicle” value exclusively.

3.3.2.4. Direction of traffic

Click the appropriate button to enter the appropriate “Direction of traffic” field for each road section (between the beginning A and ending B points):

  • А ⇆ Б — traffic goes in both directions (from А to B and B to A)

  • А → Б — traffic goes from A to B only

  • А ← Б — traffic goes from B to A only

Enter the “Traffic allowed in both directions” value for pedestrian and bike paths.

You can indicate that traffic goes one-way on pedestrian paths in the following situations:

  • Athletic tracks where traffic is set to move permanently in one direction year-round (such as on ski paths, bike tracks, etc.).

  • Entrances and exits to the most popular cultural, social, and transport-related map items (where the entrances and exits are clearly demarcated for traffic going in one direction, such as at the Moscow Kremlin).

3.3.2.5. Level (A) and Level (B)

Enter values for the road level in the Level A and Level B fields:

Available values for levels:
  • 0 (ground level) — if sections of road that intersect are both on ground level. For example, at intersections or railway crossings.
  • 1, 2, 3 — above ground level. For example, if one road at an intersection passes over another on a bridge or as part of an interchange and the second road or railway is at ground level.
  • -1, -2, -3 — below ground level. For example, if one road at an intersection passes through a tunnel and the second road is at ground level.

When you enter attributes, pay attention to the following: the “Level A” and “Level B” values should be filled in for each section of road. If the points intersect on the same level (i.e. there is a physical intersection), then the road sections should have the same value for level. If there is a physical intersection because the roads cross at different heights, then the road sections should have different values for level.

Every section of a road that consists of several sections should be logically connected using the “Level A” and “Level B” values (see Examples of setting road levels).

The majority of road sections have a zero value for “Level A” and “Level B”.

3.3.2.5.1

You can only change the values of road levels (including pedestrian paths) if they pass through tunnels or over bridges. In exceptional cases, the value may also change for roads in underground parking structures (see point 3.3.1.1.6.1).

If the road follows the local terrain and thus, for example, rises along with a slope or falls along with a valley, then this does not affect the value of the road level.

3.3.2.5.2

Road sections can not have values for Level A and Level B that differ by more than one. If the difference between two values is 2 or more, then this points to an error in how the road sections were split up: the road section should be divided into two or more separate ones.

3.3.2.5.3

Descents and ascents into and out of above/below ground pedestrian crosswalks are marked using levels (similarly to how different types of road sections are marked).

3.3.2.5.4

Sections of road that have the “Bridge” attribute can not have values for the beginning and ending points of less than “+1”, even if there is no visible rise in the road level (for example, if the bridge passes over a small river):

3.3.2.5.5

The sections of road that approach a bridge and have the values [0—1] or [1—0] for levels A and B should not be longer than the length of the bridge itself.

If a section of road that is the same length as the bridge itself doesn't include a single intersection with other roads, then you must create an additional point on the road in order to lower its level.

For example, in the drawing on the left, the approaching road section 0→1 is substantially longer than the bridge itself (1→1). Therefore, you should create an additional point on this level and split the section (into sections 0→0 and 0→1) so that the length of the approaching road (0→1) is the same as that of the bridge (1→1)  in the drawing on the right:

3.3.2.5.6. Examples of setting road levels

The drawings below are simple examples of how to set levels:

а) At intersections of a vehicle bridge passing over a river:

b) At intersections of a vehicle bridge passing over another motorway:

с) At intersections of motorways passing through a tunnel with another motorway:

d) See the Examples of setting road levels at interchanges section for more information.

Attention.

When you set the values for levels, keep in mind that you must observe the road graph rules (see Connection): the values of the “Level A” and “Level B” attributes should not only change for road sections that pass through tunnels or over bridges, but also for the sections that neighbor them. Otherwise the road graph will be disconnected.

It's very important to set the road levels correctly: if the road graph is not connected logically (i.e. the level values are set incorrectly), then it's not possible to set a route that goes through the disconnected section.

3.3.2.6. Type of structure

The “Type of structure” attribute doesn't characterize the road structure itself (that's what the Road infrastructure item category is for), but rather that section of road (including pedestrian roads) that run through that structure (i.e. the bridge, tunnel, etc.).:

The obstacles that these sections of road on bridges pass over include rivers, viaducts, and other roads (where the bridge functions as an overpass). For information on bridge boundaries, see point 3.8.1.1.3.

When you select the “tunnel” type, you must pay attention to the tunnel features that lets you figure out if the situation you are mapping is a “bridge over a road or a tunnel under a road”:

  1. Roadbed:

    • Either laid on top of a natural or artificial elevation on the ground: rock formations or road embankments
    • Or (in developed areas and/or in interchanges) the road level continuously lowers in relation to the ground level until it reaches the entrance portal to a tunnel.
  2. The presence of entrance or exit portals: these are considered to be the boundaries between the tunnel and the section of road with the “tunnel” attribute.

When entering attribute values:

3.3.2.6.1

Draw the part of road that runs through the structure as a separate section of road (regardless of whether the road is drawn using one or two lines).

Enter the beginning and ending points for these road sections at the points of entry and exit to the road structure: the points where the bridge connects to the ground (don't include the embankment part of the bridge) and the portals to the tunnel.

3.3.2.6.2

Underground and aboveground pedestrian crosswalks are marked with attribute values.

3.3.2.6.3

You should not mark a value for the “Bridge” and “Tunnel” attributes (i.e. “there aren't any” attribute values) for the following:

  • Road structures that consist of pipes and dirt embankments that water flows through beneath the road.

  • Parts of the road that run under arches in residential buildings.

3.3.2.6.4

Use the Staircase attribute in the situations described below.

3.3.2.6.4.1

For streets that have staircases. For example, part of “Lanzheronovsky Descent” in Odessa:

In this case, enter “Road of minimal significance” for the class. In general, despite the drop in height, levels A and B of the road section will stay at zero in these situations:

You can link address points to this type of road.

Note.

If a stairway is equipped with a ramp, bicyclists can access that road section.

3.3.2.6.4.2

For pedestrian staircases that lead to bridges (in areas where pedestrians ascend at a different location than vehicles do), staircases that run along slopes (in gullies or hills), escalators, descents and ascents at underground and aboveground crossings. (such as the staircase leading to Patriarshy Bridge in Moscow):

In this case, enter Pedestrian and bike paths for the “road class”, and Pedestrian crosswalk for “Design features of road section”. In these cases, Level A and B of the road section (i.e. the staircase) usually have zero values:

3.3.2.6.4.3

For staircases at underground and aboveground crossings.

3.3.2.6.5

Use the Ford attribute value for road sections that consist of riverbed or stream sections shallow enough to pass over by foot or car. Enter the same class for that road section as the adjacent road sections, but disable the accessibility attribute for all types of vehicles:

3.3.2.7. Design features

Select an attribute value from the drop-down list.

Available attribute values:

3.3.2.7.1. None

For road sections that don't have any of the design features listed below (i.e. they consist of one roadway, etc.) Default value.

3.3.2.7.2. Two roadways
For road sections that should be drawn using two lines according to the rules, see section 3.3.1.2. Drawing rules for roads with one or two lines.
3.3.2.7.3. Circular traffic

For sections of road that form a circle (ring), which may be confirmed by a “Roundabout” road sign:

There is a tool for drawing circular road sections.

3.3.2.7.4. Exit

For exits and sections that connect disparate roads (including side exits and forks that help disperse traffic jams as the road approaches an intersection on one level):







3.3.2.7.5. Frontage road

For sections of frontage roads: roads that have “Frontage” as their official status and name, or roads whose official status is “frontage” but do not have an official name. This road is usually more than a few blocks in length, runs parallel to the main road, and is meant to reduce the traffic flow on the main highway:



Frontage roads can't have a higher class than the main road:

  • Assign class 6 to frontage roads that are at least three-lanes wide and run parallel to highways of class 1-4, as well as to frontage roads that are 1-2 lanes wide and connect roads of class 1-6 to roads of class 6.

  • Assign class 7 to frontage roads that are 1-2 lanes wide and run parallel to roads of class 1-7.

3.3.2.7.6. U-turn

Only enter this attribute for sections of road if one of the following road signs is present:

  • ─ U-turn allowed or
  • ─ U-turn area

Furthermore, that section of road should not be a continuation of a road of class 1-7.

3.3.2.7.7. Pedestrian Crosswalk

Sections of road that are intended solely as pedestrian road or railway crossings: underground, ground-level, and aboveground crossings (including descents and ascents).

Assign these sections to class 10. Pedestrian paths.

When mapping underground and aboveground crossings, keep in mind that they are not only drawn as road sections, but also as Road infrastructure items.

3.3.2.8. Speed limit

Enter the speed limit attribute for that section (in km/h or m/hr).

Note.

If speed is measured in miles per hour in the country you are mapping, then enter that attribute value in miles per hour (not kilometers per hour).

You can enter typical speed limits by clicking on the appropriate value below the field (5, ..., 90). If the value you are looking for is not there, you can enter it using your keyboard.

Do not enter a speed limit for field roads (class 9) or pedestrian and biking paths (class 10).

If the speed limit is only in effect during nights, don't enter it.

Attention.

The speed limit should be a multiple of 5. If you try to enter an invalid speed limit, you will get an error warning. To save the road section, you must fix the error:

When you create a new section of road, the attribute value will be entered automatically. If a different speed limit is in effect on that road section, then you should correct the default value.

The default attribute values are given in the table (L = locality, Class — attribute 3.3.2.1. Class).

Note.

If a road section partially crosses the border of a locality (but also exits the border of that territory), then assign that section the lesser of the speed limits in effect on the territory it occupies.

Country

Class 1

Classes 2-7

(Localities)

Classes 2-7

(Outside localities)

Class 8

Russia110609020
Ukraine130509020
Belarus120609020
Kazakhstan1406010020
Abkhazia110609020
Georgia110609020
South Ossetia110609020
Azerbaijan110609020
Moldova509020
Turkmenistan110609020
Tajikistan110609020
Uzbekistan7010030
Kyrgyzstan110609010
Armenia110609020
Latvia509020
Estonia509020
France130509050
Turkey120509050
Lithuania130509050
3.3.2.8.1

You can enter this attribute for any section of road (other than pedestrian and bike paths) on which a speed limit is in effect (whether it applies to that locality or is specific to that highway) or corresponding traffic signs are present.

Note.

The locations of road signs for the Beginning and Ending of a locality (and the points where the speed limit changes) often do not coincide with the administrative borders of a localities.

3.3.2.8.2

In cases where signs (construction, detour, etc.) indicate that the speed limit has been temporarily lowered, enter the attribute value that corresponds to the permanent signs or traffic laws.

3.3.2.8.3

If signs indicate that the speed limit on the same road section differs by time of day, enter the lesser of the two values for the attribute.

3.3.2.8.4

If the speed limit for a given road section differs by traffic direction on a one-line road, enter the lesser of the two values for the attribute.

3.3.2.9. Pavement

Flip the “Paved” switch on if a road section is paved using asphalt, concrete or paving stones (such as on Barrikadnaya St. in Moscow).

Wooden covering, gravel, or crushed stone coating are not considered types of pavement.

For paved roads, set the value to “Yes” (check the box): For all other types of road, set the value to “No” (don't check the box):

3.3.2.10. Oncoming lane for public transport

The “Oncoming lane for public transport” attribute indicates that there is a traffic lane specifically allocated for public transport going in the opposite direction (on one-way streets).

Set the value to “Yes” (check the box) for road sections that are parts of these type of roads. For all other road sections, you can set the value to “No” (don't check the box):

Only set “Yes” for road sections with one-way traffic (see point 3.3.2.4. Direction of traffic) that do not have dividing lanes.

3.3.2.11. Under construction

The “Under construction” switch lets you show that a road section is under construction.

For paved roads, set the value to “Yes” (check the box). For all other road sections, you can set the value to “No” (don't check the box):

If you set the value to “Yes” for that attribute, you must indicate that the road section is not suitable for travel: enter the “Inaccessible” value for all types of transport (see the attribute description 3.3.2.3. Accessible to).

Enter the "Under construction" attribute when roads are temporarily closed due to reconstruction or repairs for more than three months. Please indicate information about temporary closures in your map item report.

You can draw a road that is “under construction” from the moment it starts being built (i.e. from the moment the foundation is laid).

If a planned street already has addresses even though there are no buildings on it or sections that are under construction, you can draw the planned location of the road sections that are “under construction”.

When drawing roads under construction, follow the rules for connecting the road network. When you mark roads of class 6 and higher as “under construction”, you must raise the class of the road being used as a detour so that no breaks in the network of high-class roads occur.

Roads under construction display using dotted lines on the map:

All roads under construction (except for class 10 roads) are class 7. Class 10 roads under construction (pedestrian) will still be class 10 (see also point 3.3.2.1.7).

The naming rules for roads under construction are similar to those for all roads (see section 3.3.3.1. Rules for naming roads).

3.3.2.12. Toll (paid road sign)

The “Toll” attribute marks sections of road that you must pay to use.

Attention.

For highways that are partly or completely tollways, you should create an additional road item of the named highway type. All toll sections of a highway are included in one item, even if there are breaks between the toll sections of a highway (i.e. freeway sections). Enter names using the format М-4 (paid) — number + indication (in parentheses) “toll”.

For sections of toll roads, set the value to “Yes” (check the box). For all other road sections, you can set the value to “No” (don't check the box).

“Enter” the Yes value for all sections of road where tolls are collected according to official documentation (for example, the sections of the M-3 road between km 124 and 173), as well as sections of road that only exit onto toll roads sections.

You “do not need” to enter the Yes value:

  • For u-turns on paid sections or roads of class 8

  • For sections of road that function as exits to paid parking lots (such as at airports)

3.3.2.13. Poor condition

The “Poor condition” switch lets you show that a road section is in unsatisfactory condition.

For paved roads, set the value to “Yes” (check the box). For all other road sections, you can set the value to “No” (don't check the box):

Only enter this value in accordance with these rules:

  1. If the “No” value is set for a road section to indicate that it's not paved, then only set the “Yes” value for the “Poor condition” option in cases where it's not possible to drive through that section in a passenger car in dry weather.

  2. If the “Yes” value is set for a road section to indicate that it's paved, then only set the “Yes” value for the “Poor condition” option if there are potholes that you can't drive around. If a road is made of concrete slabs, then set this value if large openings have formed between the blocks or if the blocks themselves have been destroyed, potholes have formed, and the reinforcement bars are exposed.

You should only change this attribute value if the section of road that the condition applies to extends for at least one city block or 200 meters.

If the road section extends for less than that distance, then don't change the attribute value.

Don't create additional road sections within localities in order to assign attributes to them (i.e. don't break up road sections).

Examples:

  1. Road in poor condition made of cement slabs:

  2. Road in poor condition made of cement slabs:

  3. Paved road in poor condition:

  4. Paved road in poor condition:

  5. Unpaved road in poor condition:

  6. Unpaved road in poor condition: