3.6.1. Rules for drawing places (organizations)
Places on the map are represented by more than thirty types of items (for more information, see 18.104.22.168.1. Item type).
Follow these rules when drawing locations:
Make sure that any item you are mapping is not among those that are forbidden to display on the map.
- Techniques for drawing and editing locations are similar to the techniques for drawing and editing all places on YME. See the following sections:
Placemarks for organizations should always be placed inside the building polygon in accordance with the following rules.
- 22.214.171.124.1. Organizations that occupy part of a building
Choose the placemark location based on the location of the organization's sign.
Please note that the entire branded space of the organization, including the building facade or parts of it (if painted in branded colors) can be interpreted as a sign.
If the entire building is branded (on all sides), the entire building polygon is regarded as a single sign.
Small sign plates or sidewalk signboards are not considered signs.
Placemarks for organizations that don't have a sign or only have a small sign plate or a sidewalk signboard are placed near the organization's entrance specified in the Yandex Business Directory. The exceptions are organizations and other items of the “Places” category that occupy the entire building or are located on the territory outside the building.
- An organization placemark should be placed slightly inside the building polygon (not on the line of the polygon), and should not overlap with the building entrance point or the address point, so that it displays correctly on the map.
- If the organization has an extended sign (see above), put the placemark in the area of a main entrance to the organization, if this does not cause conflicts with other items in the “Places” category (including when there is more than one entrance and sign within the branded space of an organization):
- If there are signs of multiple organizations above one entrance, the corresponding placemarks are placed with a slight offset to the side of the entrance to avoid conflicts when they are displayed on the map.
If one organization has a sign (and the others have small sign plates or secondary signs), a corresponding placemark can be put on a line that is perpendicular to the building polygon and drawn through the entrance point, with an offset from this entrance point.
- If the signs of organizations are located above each other (for example, in a column), then the higher the sign, the closer to the center of the building you should place the organization placemark (avoiding overlaps with the address point).
- If there are many closely located organizations (including those with the known exact location of them, their entrances and signs) in the building, placemarks are placed according to the following rule: placemarks of less significant and recognizable organizations are moved deeper into the building polygon.
- Placemarks for organizations that don't have signs are marked according to their location in the building. If their actual location is unknown, they are placed randomly while trying to avoid overlapping and possible conflicts when displaying.
- Do not mark secondary signs, entrance advertising columns, advertisements of separate departments and types of products, or sidewalk signboards when there is a main sign. For example:
- 126.96.36.199.2. Organizations and other items in the Places category that occupy the entire building, are not located in the building, or occupy the territory
- Notable landmarks with very small signs or without signs (churches, attractions, administrative buildings, cultural centers, theaters, museums): locate placemarks near the center of the building (do not overlap with the address point).
- Items that don't have entrances and signs (monuments, attractions, viewpoints, courtyard infrastructure): put placemarks at the actual location of the item, if the item occupies a certain territory — approximately at the center of this territory.
- Items that occupy large areas (items in the “Health”, “Education”, “Industry” categories, such as hospitals, universities, research institutions, schools, industrial and agricultural enterprises, auto enterprises, warehouses, markets, roadside rest areas, car impounds, driving areas, stadiums, horse racetracks, motor-racing tracks, ski resorts, amusement parks, landfills): put the placemark approximately at the center of the main (administrative) building, and if there is no such building — approximately at the center of the occupied territory.
- If the building has one organization that has one main and several additional signs, the placemark is placed at the main entrance (under the main sign).
- For buildings that have indoor maps, like shopping centers: place the organization placemarks approximately at the center of the building.
There should be one item (location) for each organization.
Don't set names of several organizations to the same item. Instead, create a standalone item (place) for each organization.
If an organization performs a single service (for example, home appliances repair) and is located in the same room, but it has multiple sites and names that differ only by the manufacturers of the serviced equipment (for example, Repair of household appliances and Repair of household appliances Birusa), such an organization is drawn one object, with the official name indicating General information about the organization's activities.
For example, a service center for home appliances that offers to repair the products of Electrolux and Birusa is created as one organization with the official name. Service center for home appliances repair and with two type names “Synonym, historical”: Electrolux service center and Birusa service center.
Draw existing (functioning) organizations. Only draw closed organizations in cases where they help navigate the area.
For organizations of these types:
If it's already public knowledge that a particular item in the “Location” category will be built, then you can draw this item when it is under construction, but you can only enter the name if you have an official document attesting to the building's name.
If a closed organization completely occupied a building that is not currently in use, the building should be assigned the value Abandoned under the Condition attribute (see Cl. 4.2.2. Condition).
You can draw temporary “Locations” (dolphinariums, circuses, etc.) on the map if they will operate in that location for at least two months.
Draw monuments at the entrances to cities, city districts, regions, etc. as monument, sculpture type items.
It is forbidden to draw information boards, road signs, and other signage that relate to road laws and are used to regulate traffic as items of the Monument, sculpture type.
If an organization moved to a new address, then you should create a new map item of the “Locations” category.
You should not move the old item to the new address; leave a deletion request for it.
- If an organization (“Location” item) only lets in staff and guests (factory workers, hospital patients, and others) within its closed territory, you may draw the following “Location” type items in the area of the main organization:
- Items accessible to everyone whether they're a staff member or a guest.
- “Location” type child objects that serve the same function as their parent organization (for example: hospital buildings, university departments, company departments) as well as utility structures (infrastructure related to engineering, manufacturing, or transportation).
- Tourist attractions and monuments.
- Items in the “Religion” and “Courtyard and park infrastructure” categories.
The Culture and recreation → Attractions items related to memorable events can be created only in the most famous places if there is no monument or memorial that is already dedicated to this event and drawn on the map as a Monument, sculpture:
Historical events that happened more than forty years ago (for example, Place where Yuri Gagarin landed).
Significant natural and man-made events/disasters (for example, Tunguska blast site, Titanic wreck site).
Battles (for example, Battle of Kulikovo field).
Sites of execution/death of famous people (for example, Site of Lermontov's duel).
One of the criteria of fame might be if the number of relevant queries exceeds 100 based on https://wordstat.yandex.ru data.
Places that figure in the lives of cultural or historical figures and are marked with monuments, memorial signs or plaques should be drawn as Culture and recreation → Monument, sculpture items.
You may draw attractions that were destroyed in a fire, collapsed, or demolished if they meet the following criteria:
- It is a well-known attraction that collapsed or was demolished less than 10 years ago
- Its visible traces remain on the site
The item's official name is then set in the following format: [Ruins of + the item's official name].
Examples of renaming objects when they are destroyed or damaged:
- “Dubna Ball” → “Ruins of Dubna Ball”
- “Yekaterinburg TV Tower” → “Ruins of Yekaterinburg TV Tower”
- After a building receives an indoor map, all items of the Location type except for the primary organization should be deleted from the building by “Yandex employees”.
- If a shopping center building or part of it was damaged by collapse or fire, all items of the “Places” category located in the damaged part of the building are subject to removal. The building itself is removed from the map only if there is official information that it was demolished.