Session parameters

Tip. Working with the JavaScript API requires knowledge of HTML and JavaScript. If you don't have these skills, contact your website developer or webmaster.

The majority of session data is collected automatically by your Yandex.Metrica counter. However, you'll likely find that it would benefit you to supplement this data with your own data. For example, you may be interested in statistics on what specific items were purchased or what actions users who were logged in performed.

Yandex.Metrica lets you connect a custom data set to the corresponding session. These sets are called session parameters. This data can be shown in reports, or used in conditions for dimensions and segmentation.

Session parameters are transmitted to the counter storage using the JavaScript API. Data can be sent either during counter initialization, or at any time before the session timeout expires.

During counter initialization, session parameters are specified in the params parameter.

To send session parameters during site user sessions, use the params method, or the optional argument for the extLink, file, hit, or reachGoal methods.

Session parameters are transmitted as a JavaScript object or an array.

Note. The maximum number of session parameters that can be shown in Yandex.Metrica reports is 10 nesting levels.
var yaParams = {
    x: 10,
    y: "unauthorized user"
}

var yaCounterXXXXXX = new Ya.Metrika({id: XXXXXX, params: window.yaParams||{}});

Processing transmitted data

Data that is transmitted to Yandex.Metrica as JavaScript objects are processed as follows.

The field name and nesting level are interpreted as the parameter name and level, respectively. The field value is processed as follows, depending on its type:

  • object — Creates a new tree branch for each object key, and invokes the algorithm recursively for each value.
  • string — Calculates the number of cases when each different string value occurs.
  • number — Calculates the total and average value of all numbers.
  • array — Creates a [Parameters] tree branch, calculates the number of times the value is an array, and invokes the algorithm recursively for each item in the array.
  • true, false or null — Calculates the number of times each value occurs.

Parameters are transmitted to Yandex.Metrica as dimensions. The numbers that are calculated by processing the data are the metrics.

Attention. Some of the field names are reserved for transmitting ecommerce data.

Example. АВ testing

Let’s say we need to conduct an experiment to determine how the color of the Buy button affects the conversion rate for a “View basket” goal.

If the user is shown a red button, we use the following parameter:

var yaParams = {ab_test: "red button"};

If the user is shown a green button, we use the following parameter:

var yaParams = {ab_test: "green button"};

This parameter is transmitted in any convenient way. For example, it can be passed when initializing the counter on product pages or using the reachGoal method called when the Buy button is clicked.

After this, we will be able to use the ab_test parameter value in the Yandex.Metrica interface for selecting the corresponding data.

Example. Transmitting a hierarchical data structure

For instance, we need to transmit data and show it in a report in a tree view.

var yaParams = {
    "level1":{"level2":["level3_1","level3_2"]}}
...